The development of early NLP was strongly influenced by the cognitive psychology of Noam Chomsky, the gestalt therapy of Fritz Perls, and the family systems therapy of Virginia Satir.
From the beginning of their collaboration in 1972, John Grinder and Richard Bandler noticed that language patterns were key to the success of the highly accomplished psychotherapists whose competence they were modeling.
By the end of 1976, Grinder and Bandler had combined Satir’s and Perls’ language patterns and Erickson’s hypnotic language and use of metaphorwith anchoring to create new processes that they called collapsing anchors, trans-derivational search, changing personal history, and reframing.
In the mid-eighties a new branch of NLP sprouted and developed in a very different way from the other schools of NLP. This new iteration was organized around the work and teaching of Jonathan Rice.
A brilliant and prolific student of the NLP Founders, Robert Dilts, took the best of what he had learned from John Grinder and Richard Bandler and creatively developed and expanded the field of NLP.
Working on his own after the break-up of the Santa Cruz group, Jonathan Rice continued to use the full scope of original techniques within his psychotherapeutic process. He emphasized using multiple cues occurring outside of the client’s conscious awareness and control.